10 historical monuments you have to see in Prague

Prague State Opera
Written by Bara

If you are going to the beautiful Prague, you have to certainly visit some of the most amazing historical monuments there. Prague has a number of very ancient monuments, for example, falling into the old Gothic architecture. We’ve got the best tips for you.

1) Prague Castle

It is believed that the castle was founded Prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid Dynasty (Přemyslovci) about year 880. The Guinness Book of Records cantains Prague Castle as the largest castle complex in the world. Castle is also one of a UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Prague Castle consists of multiple buildings of various architectural styles and worth to see.

2) Cathedral of St. Víta

Before cathedral there was temple which took the form of a rotunda. Founded was by Prince Wenceslas. This Prince became the patron saint and protector of the czech nation and lands. In the days of Prince Boleslav II. Prague bishopric was founded and the temple became a very important episcopal temple. In 1060 he began the prince Spytihněv II. build on the site of the Basilica of the rotunda. With the establishment of the Prague archbishopric in 1344 became the Basilica. Vitus metropolitan temple. Over the construction of a new cathedral was considered for several years before 1344. In the old Basilica. Vitus was immediately after Mass famous first Prague Archbishop Ernest of Pardubice, laid the foundation stone of the new cathedral.

3) Charles Bridge

Charles Bridge is the oldest bridge in Prague and connects the Old Town with Mala Strana. Foundation stone was laid in 1357 by Charles IV himself. The bridge is 516 meters long and 9.5 meters wide. It was built of sandstone blocks under the supervision of the famous architect Peter Parléře.Most adorned with 30 statues, most of which comes from the period 1706-1714. In the 19th century, after the bridge was riding a horse tram, which was later replaced by electric cars and buses. Since 1965, the bridge is for pedestrians only. At the Charles Bridge are three towers of which have breathtaking views not only on the bridge itself, but also to the Prague Castle. In the Lesser’s Lesser Town Bridge Tower. On the other hand, the Old Town Bridge Tower.

4) Vysehrad

Vyšehrad, which rises majestically on a cliff above the right bank of the Vltava River, was until 1140 the seat of Czech rulers. There are a number of historic buildings, of which the most important is the Romanesque Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul and the rotunda. Martina. It also includes a cemetery where they are buried celebrities such as Czech culture. Bozena Nemcova and Svatopluk Čech. From the viewing platforms is a nice view of the city after dark and mysterious atmosphere prevails here, which is accented by Vysehrad carillon.

5) Church of St. Nicholas


6) National Theatre

The National Theatre was established on the basis of public collections in 1868-1881. The foundation stone was laid on 16 May 1868 and the theater first opened on June 11, 1881 on the occasion of the visit of Crown Prince Rudolf in Prague. The first performance was opera Libuse from Bedrich Smetana. Two months later, the building was destroyed by fire and the theater was restored at the end of 1883. The neo-Renaissance theater building designed by Josef Zítek is one of the most important buildings in Prague.

7) Old Town Square and The Astronomical Clock

8) Loreta

9) Wenceslas Square

10) Petřín Observation Tower

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